Traditional VS Emerging Risk Factors For Heart Disease
The major traditional risk factors are high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure and diabetes. Recent scientific studies link the cause of heart disease to emerging risk factors, lipoprotein (a), c-reactive protein, homo cysteine and several others under study. evedince of lipoprotein (a) as the #1 risk factor is mounting in the literature.
Traditional risk factors (Major)
Despite recent advances in the management of dyslipidemia, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in the United States. The lipid theory has failed to explain the true cause of heart disease. Instead it relies on certain traits, conditions that can cause heart disease. These traits or conditions are called as risk factors for heart disease. There are several of them. Some modifiable and non modifiable. There are some which are major risk factors whic are discussed here.
The major risk factors for coronary artery disease are;
High Blood Pressure;
High cholesterol Levels and
If you have any of the above risk factors you are more likely to suffer from atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, stroke or heart attack.
In heart disease atherosclerosis (plaque formation, hardening of the arteries) is predominantly formed. Or the tissues of the heart muscle are damaged. The narrowing of the arteries due to arterial plaque formation can explain the increase in blood pressure.
High cholesterol levels are explained as being caused due to intake of food rich in cholesterol and saturated fats. This theory is not sustainable and there are various scientific reports disapproving the cholesterol heart theory.
The good news is that evidence of risk factors for CVD beyond lipids is mounting in the literature. They are called as emerging risk factors.
Emerging risk factors
C-reactive protein and
Lipoprotein (a) –the major emerging risk factor.
The link between lipoprotein (a) and vitamin C was established by Dr. Linus Pauling and Dr. Matthias Rath. In their US Patent they have shown that the arterial plaque mainly consists of lipoprotein (a) along with some LDL cholesterol and calcium deposits. They have also explained the conditions under which these lp (a) particles increase and cause arterial plaque. Thus they have explained the true cause of heart disease. The best part of their studies is along with the explanation of the true cause of heart disease they have also offered a true solution to heart disease treatment and prevention. Lp(a) as the emerging risk factor for atherosclerosis is well established.
This factor has also been linked to heart disease. Inflammation of the blood vessels is another way to explain the cause of heart disease. C-reactive protein is an anti-inflammatory marker. Whenever there is inflammation in any part of the body, generally C-reactive protein levels increase. Use of omega-3 fatty acids is found to reduce inflammation. One group of researchers say that inflammation of the blood vessels is the true cause of heart disease.
Homocysteine levels are found to present in patients suffering from chronic diseases like cancer, heart disease etc. it is also one of the emerging risk factors linked to heart disease. It has been found that deficiency of Vitamin B12 and folic acid increases the homocysteine levels in the body. People who eat red meat are found to have elevated levels of homocysteine.
Lipoprotein (a) –heart disease theory offers real proof of formation of lp (a), their atherogenicity and how they can be lowered. High lipoprotein (a) levels can be lowered with nutritional therapy. If you can lower lipoprotein (a) with nutritional therapy, you are done. Reversing and preventing heart disease is easy and affordable.
The key to optimal health is providing all the nutrients to the body in adequate amount, exercise and eating an alkaline diet menu plan, which maintains the body pH slightly on the alkaline side.
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2) Formulary Journal, Emerging risk factors and risk markers for cardiovascular disease’ accessed on 12th May 2013, http://formularyjournal.modernmedicine.com;
3) Framingham, “Emerging Risk Factors” accessed on 12th May, 2013, www.framingham.com;
4) Framingham, “The Framingham Heart Study”, accessed on 12th May, 2013, www.framingham.com;
5) pharmaceuticalintelligence, “Linus Pauling on Lipoprotein (a) and vitamin C” accessed on may 12, 2013, http://pharmaceuticalintelligence.com;
6) Paulingblog “Lipoprotein (a)” accessed on 12th May, 2013, http://paulingblog.wordpress.com;