The major traditional risk factor for heart disease is “High Cholesterol Levels” which causes plaques in arteries by a process called as atherosclerosis. Recent studies indicate that the plaque consists of Lipoprotein (a) particles and not LDL cholesterol. Besides lp (a) molecules are more atherogenic than LDL cholesterol
Heart Disease-Traditional Risk Factors
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in the USA. It is also increasing at a fast pace in other parts of the world due to lifestyle changes of the people. How do we explain the exact cause of atherosclerosis (hardening of arteries or plaque formation)?
While the exact cause of atherosclerosis remains unknown, certain traits, conditions, or habits may raise a person’s chance of developing it.
These conditions are known as risk factors. Modern medicine tries to explain the cause of coronary artery disease in terms of these risk factors called as traditional risk factors. The more the risk factors a present greater the chances of developing atherosclerosis.
These risk factors can be classified as controllable and uncontrollable risk factors.
Uncontrollable risk factors.
- Ethnicity or race
Controllable risk factors
- Physical activity
- Alcohol consumption
Major Risk Factors
- High Cholesterol Levels —- High cholesterol levels in the blood is a risk factor and persons having high LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, Low HDL (good) cholesterol levels are at a higher risk of heart disease. The basic question is “Why cholesterol levels get disturbed in the blood and lead to heart disease”? What is the true cause of high cholesterol levels in the blood? This is what we should know in order to find a true solution to heart disease. The reason offered for high cholesterol levels is thought to be due to eating foods rich in cholesterol. But there are several scientific studies that prove “cholesterol is not the true cause of heart disease.”
- High Blood Pressure—-High blood pressure is considered high if it stays at or above 140/90 mmHg over a period of time. It is also a major risk factor of heart disease. But what is the real cause of heart disease. The real cause gives the real solution.
- Diabetes—This is a disease in which the body’s blood sugar level is high because the body doesn’t make enough insulin or does not use its insulin properly.Diabetes is a clear case of diet related disease where consumption of sugar and carbohydrates is higher. Eating foods rich in sugar and carbohydrates and less of fruits and vegetables causes a condition in the body called as acidosis. In acidosis the body pH remains slightly on acidic side. For optimum health the body pH should be in the range 7.4 to 7.5.
The major risk factors, included in traditional risk factors, like high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and diabetes, fail to explain the real cause of coronary arteries.
There are recent developments wherein emerging risk factors like lipoprotein (a), C-reactive protein, homocysteine and several others have been directly linked to heart disease may explain the real cause of heart disease.
The key to optimal health is providing all the nutrients to the body in adequate amount, exercise and eating an alkaline diet menu plan, which maintains the body pH slightly on the alkaline side.
1) WebMD, “Risk factors for heart disease”, accessed on 10th May, 2013, www.webmd.com;
2) Sparkle people, “ risk of heart disease”, accessed on 10th May 2013, www.sparklepeople.com;
3) Better Health, “Heart disease-risk factors explained ”, accessed on 10th May 2013, www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au ;